Manatees Article

Manatee, common name for each of three types of a large drinking water mammal, commonly called a ocean cow as it grazes in marine solide and other normal water plants. The Amazonian manatee ranges over the Amazon Lake basin in South America; the West African manatee occurs in streams and coastal waters of tropical Western world Africa; as well as the West Indian, or Carribbean, manatee is found in rivers and coastal seas from the southeastern United States plus the Gulf of Mexico towards the Caribbean Sea and northeastern Brazil. A grownup manatee includes a rounded physique, usually coloured light to dark gray or black, that battres to a flat flattened, curved tail. It really is 2 . your five to 5. 5 m (8 to 14 ft) long, depending on the species, and weighs two hundred to six-hundred kg (440 to 1300 lb). The small head has a straight snout and a cleft upper lip area with bristly hairs. The nostrils, wear the upper surface of the snout, are sealed tightly by simply valves when the animal is under water. The paddlelike forelimbs happen to be set nearby the head; not any external hind limbs can be found. Massive, weighty bones and long, narrow lungs, which extend through the entire body cavity, give the manatee evenly distributed buoyancy. A manatee cow offers birth with regards to a year after mating; usually a single, pink calf is born. Manatees live in small family groups, although they sometimes travel in herds of 15 to 20. They will feed in both fresh water and sodium water, grazing for six-eight hours each day. An adult eats an amount equal to between a few and 10 % of its body weight daily. Manatees have a slow metabolism than any other mammals of similar size, which greatly reduces their energy requirements. This is especially very important to Amazonian manatees when marine environments recede after floods, confining some for longer periods in shallow marine environments away from crops on water banks.

Manatees have few natural adversaries because of their size. However , their population continues to be reduced considerably by weighty hunting for conceals, meat, and blubber essential oil, and they are...

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